•                         Rutherford B. Hayes Course Offerings 
     

    Science is continuing to take on an important role in an increasingly technological society. The science curriculum has been designed to help students meet some of the future challenges they may confront. Successful completion of a chosen science scope and sequence will allow students to enter college, the military, or the work force with the necessary knowledge and skills to be scientifically literate, and to be competitive in their future careers.

     

    SEQUENCES

    The State of Ohio’s science standards requires for all students to pass three years of science.  It also highly recommends that all freshmen will have taken some form of Physical Science and Biological Science by the end of their sophomore year. 

    Each Student:

    ●      Must fulfill the Board of Education requirement in Science by satisfactorily completing a minimum of three (3) credits from this curriculum.

    ●      May select additional elective courses to meet special needs or interests.

    Required:

                  Grade 9:        Physical Science Integrated, Biology, Biology Honors

                  Grade 10:      Biology, Biology Honors, Science Elective

                  Grades 11 and 12:   One or more science elective

     

    Electives:  (asterisk indicates a one-semester course)

                  Materials Engineering Science        Chemistry       Chemistry Honors      AP Chemistry       AP Environmental Science      

                  AP Biology        Physics      AP Physics         AP Physics 2         *Robotics        *Human Anatomy & Physiology

    *Microbiology     *Physical Geology    *Environmental Science - Ecology     *Environmental Science - Human Interactions

                   

    Although only 3 science credits are required for graduation, it is recommended for college bound students to take four years of science. Such students are encouraged to take any combination of Chemistry, Physics, AP courses, or elective courses.  Students can take more than one science course per year, and are encouraged to do so if it fits into their schedules.

     
     

    PHYSICAL SCIENCE

    Physical Science is an exploration of the physical world.  It introduces students to key concepts and theories that provide a foundation for further study in other sciences and advanced science disciplines. It is a mix of physics, chemistry, Earth and space science.   There are two levels of this course from which to choose.  Both sections of Physical Sciences include the same course content.  Any differences will be in approach and emphasis.

     

    Physical Science Integrated                                                                                 Credit:  1 C.U.

    This course, comprised of the Ohio Common Core Standards for High School Physical Science, will focus on concepts in physics, chemistry, Earth and space sciences.

    Grade level:  9                                                                                                        Fee required

    BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES

    Biological Sciences explore the world of living things. It is taken during the freshman or sophomore year, depending on the fulfillment of prerequisites. There are two levels for Biology.  Both sections of Biology include the same course content.  Any differences will be in approach and emphasis.

     

    Biology                                                                                                                   Credit:  1 C.U

    This course will include all the Common Core Standards for High School Biological Science. 

    Grade level:  10                                                                                                      Fee required

     

    Biology Honors                                                                                                     Credit:  1 C.U.

    This course will include the Common Core Standards for High School Biological Science.  It is designed for a student who can learn at a faster pace, who anticipates taking one or more AP science courses in subsequent years..  This course will move at an accelerated pace, allowing  time for enrichment.  Enrichment may include going above the standards by exploring concepts with more depth, extensions of related topics, and student interest based projects. 

    Grade level: 10

    Prerequisite: An A or B average in previous science course or teacher recommendation.  Students must be enrolled in Geometry Honors or higher math.                      Fee required

     

    ELECTIVE SCIENCES

    Human Anatomy and Physiology                                                                                                  (Semester course)        Credit:  ½  C.U.

    This course is designed to give an in-depth understanding of the structures and functions of the human body.  The subject matter will focus on four areas:  the language of anatomy and physiology, the body systems (Muscular System, Nervous System, Digestive System, etc.), the interrelatedness of the organ systems, and the major pathologies/diseases of the individual organ systems.  This course will include multiple labs and activities including several dissections throughout the term.

    Prerequisites: Biology and Chemistry (or taking Chemistry concurrently).       Fee Required

     

    Microbiology                                                                       (Semester course)    Credit: ½ C.U.

    Microbiology is the study of microscopic living things.  This course would serve as a continuation of biology and life science by focusing mainly on the structure and function of bacteria, fungus, mold, and viruses.  Topics covered within the class would be structure, metabolism, controlling organism growth (antibiotics, vaccines, etc.), and the disease causing nature of these organisms and their genetics.  This class would have a laboratory component covering topics such as microscopy, staining, and environmental microbial sampling, streaking, and observation.

    Prerequisites:  Biology and Chemistry (or taking Chemistry concurrently).       Fee required

     

    Advanced Placement (AP) Biology                                                                       Credit:  1 C.U

    This is a college freshman-level biology course.  Class activities include preparation for the required examination administered through the College Entrance Examination Board in May.  Textbook studies and laboratory work are combined to make this a fast-paced study for selected capable students who have successfully completed biology and chemistry with a solid A or high B average.  A college textbook is used.

    Prerequisite:  Biology and Chemistry – with a B average or higher in science courses.

    Application required.                                                                                             Fee required

     

    Chemistry                                                                                                             Credit:  1 C.U.

    Chemistry is a yearlong course intended for the college-bound student. The course will briefly review and expand on topics introduced in freshman Physical Science. Further development of these topics, along with the addition of more descriptive and quantitative topics will be explored. These topics include the study of chemical interactions and the structure and properties of matter. Laboratory activities will introduce, support and apply the various concepts explored in class. Chemistry is an important prerequisite for AP Biology and AP Chemistry.

    Prerequisites:  Should be concurrently enrolled in Algebra 2 or higher, and achieved a “C” or above in Biology or Honors Biology. Seniors must also have successfully completed the Science and Math portions of the OGT.               Fee required

     

    Chemistry Honors                                                                                                                                                  Credit:  1 C.U.        Chemistry Honors is for students intending  to major in science, medicine or engineering. It will prepare students for AP Chemistry, and college-level science courses. The course will move at a faster pace, and cover the material more in-depth. Additional topics will include chemical kinetics and equilibrium, electrochemistry, and an introduction to thermodynamics. The Chemistry Honors curriculum will challenge the student to acquire knowledge independently and to master abstract concepts. Laboratory activities will introduce, support and apply the various concepts explored in class. This course is strongly suggested for those students planning on enrolling in AP Chemistry.

    Prerequisites:  In addition to the requirements for Chemistry, students should be concurrently enrolled in Pre-calculus or higher, with a “B” or higher in Biology or Honors Biology.                                                                                                                 Fee required

     

    Advanced Placement (AP) Chemistry                                                                                                                   Credit:  1 C.U.

    AP Chemistry is a college-level course that follows the course syllabus as established by the College Board. Intended for students interested in entering the sciences, medicine, engineering and related fields, or to advance their knowledge of chemistry. Students will examine, at an advanced level, atomic and molecular structure and interactions, solution stoichiometry, chemical kinetics and equilibrium, electrochemistry, thermodynamics, and organic chemistry. Extensive independent study is essential for success, and an intensive lab component is provided. Students will take the AP Chemistry Examination at the end of the course (AP Exam fee required). A college textbook is used. A summer assignment is required.       

    Prerequisites:  “B” or higher in Chemistry or Chemistry Accelerated, concurrent enrollment in Pre-Calculus or higher, teacher recommendation.                                                                                                                                                      Fee required

     

    Environmental Science - Ecology                                       (Semester course)    Credit: ½ C.U.

    Environmental Ecology is an upper level semester course designed to show thematic connections between a variety of science disciplines including biology, chemistry, and physics.  The course will focus on ecosystem dynamics, evolutionary biology, atmosphere, weather and biogeochemical cycles  . The course is meant to be taken in conjunction with physical geology or as a precursor to Environmental Human impact to fulfill  a full year science requirement.

    Prerequisites:  Successful completion of Physical Science and Biology              Fee required

     

    Environmental Science - Human Impact                           (Semester course)    Credit: ½ C.U.

    Environmental Human Impact is an upper level semester course designed to demonstrate the human impact on the natural world and humans dependence on the natural world. The course will focus on: Energy and food resources, pollution, land management, human population and climate change.  The course is meant as a continuation and application of environmental ecology to fulfill a full year science requirement. This is also a good introductory course for those who are interested in continuing with AP Environmental Science.

    Prerequisites:  Successful completion of Envir Science - Ecology with a C or higher, or Honors Bio with a C or higher.                                                                              Fee required

     

     

     

    Physical Geology                                                                 (Semester course)    Credit: ½ C.U.

    Physical Geology is an upper level semester course in selected earth science topics. Scientific inquiry will engage the students in the study of the following topics: rocks & minerals, Earth’s history, plate tectonics, glaciers, and structural geology. There will be an environmental focus throughout the course. This course may be taken in conjunction with Environmental Science - Ecology  to fulfill a full year science requirement.

    Prerequisites:  Successful completion of Physical Science and Biology              Fee required

     

    Advanced Placement (AP) Environmental Science                                                                                              Credit:  1 C.U.

    AP Environmental Science is designed to be the equivalent of an introductory college course in environmental science. The goal of the Environmental Science AP course is to provide students with scientific principles, concepts and methodologies required to understand the interrelationships of the natural world, to identify and analyze environmental problems both natural and human-made, to evaluate the relative risks associated with these problems, and to examine alternative solutions for resolving or preventing them. The lab portion is a vital part of the course and due to the nature of the course, extended lab time during academic options and weekend field trips to different locations will be necessary.  A summer assignment is required.

    Prerequisites: Grade of B or higher in Physical Science and Biology, successful completion of Algebra II and Chemistry (Chemistry can be taken concurrently), and application.                                                                                  Fee required

     

    Materials in Engineering Science                                                                                                                       Credit:  1 C.U.

    Materials in Engineering Science is the study of the materials we use every day:  metals, ceramics, polymers and composites.  Material scientists and material engineers seek to understand the fundamental relationships between the structure, properties, processing and performance of materials so that we can synthesize new materials, develop improved processes for making materials and understand the role of materials in the changing environment of tomorrow.  It doesn’t matter what you are looking at, hitting a baseball with, skiing down a hill with, writing with, sitting on, cooking with, driving, flying, firing, or welding, you are working with these materials.  If you are interested in what things are made of, how their properties make them this way and how to make them better, this may be the course for you.

    Prerequisites:   Physical Science and Biology                                                                                                                       Fee required

     

    Physics                                                                                                                                                                                      Credit:  1 C.U.

    Physics is the science of energy, forces and motion.  The course provides important fundamentals for all college-bound students who will use technology, either directly or indirectly.  Physics is the basis of all engineering and technology.  Students also learn to understand the physical processes that occur in our everyday lives and in the universe around us.  Major topic areas include motion, forces, energy, gravity, electricity, and waves. We may also briefly explore topics in astronomy, relativity and thermal physics.  Students will learn to apply math skills and should have a non-programmable scientific calculator.

    Grade levels: 10, 11, 12  

    Prerequisites: Completion of Algebra 2.  A “C” or higher in all math courses.                 Fee required

     

    Physics Honors                                                                                                                                                                       Credit:  1 C.U.

    Physics Honors is a course for students who are interested in pursuing college majors in the physical science (physics/chemistry) or engineering disciplines, or for students with strong interests and aptitudes in these areas.  Topics of study will include motion, forces, energy, sound, optics, electricity, and magnetism.  Physics uses mathematics as a tool to describe the physical world, therefore students who enroll in Physics Honors are expected to have strong mathematical reasoning skills.  Students will also routinely be expected to actively participate in inquiry-based laboratory investigations which often involve computer-based data collection interfaces.  Upon completion of this course, students will be adequately prepared to enroll in AP Physics.

    Prerequisites: Completion of Algebra 2.  A “B” or higher in all math courses

     

    Advanced Placement (AP) Physics 2                                                                                                               Credit:  1 C.U.

    AP Physics 2 is a second-year course in physics that covers topics in electricity, magnetism, fluid mechanics, thermal physics, waves, optics, and atomic and nuclear physics. The major goals of the course are to create an understanding of the basic principles and to apply these principles in the solution of problems. The course will use guided inquiry and student-centered learning to foster the development of critical thinking and laboratory skills. Credit or advanced placement for the Physics B 2 course will provide the student with an opportunity either to have an accelerated college program or to meet a basic college science requirement for a one semester course.

    Pre-requisites: You must complete Physics, Physics Honors, or AP Physics 1 and Pre-Calculus with a “B” or higher grade average in both courses to enroll in AP Physics 2.                                                                                        Fee required

     

     

    Robotics                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                               (Semester course)          Credit:  ½ C.U.

    The use of robotic technology is becoming increasingly common in today’s society, and the study of robotics provides an exciting opportunity for students to learn about the engineering design process.  Throughout this project-based curriculum, students will learn about topics such as mechanical power transmission, drivetrain design, and lifting mechanisms and how they apply to mobile robotics.  Students will also integrate sensors into their robot designs and use a C-based programming language to create robots that can accomplish tasks autonomously.  Most of the course will focus around task-based challenges and class competitions.  Any student with interests in engineering or computer science is encouraged to enroll.

    Prerequisites: Completion of Algebra 2.  A “C” or higher in all math courses.                                            Fee required